1800s

GORIZIANS - 1800s


The triumph of the bourgeoisie

The real differential of the Gorizia koinè compared to that of other Friulian, Slovenian or Carinthian cities, lies above all in the Jewish component that in the nineteenth century and at the beginning of this century grafted in a rather static and conservative cultural humus elements of great scientific depth like the glottologist Graziadio Isaia Ascoli , of great dynamism like Carolina Luzzatto , of great transgressiveness like the philosopher Carlo Michelstaedter. The Jewish community fully inserted Gorizia in the great river of Central European culture, creating within it an Italian current. The Jews of Gorizia, like those of Trieste, were strongly linked to Italy in whose culture, traditionally tolerant, they recognized and identified themselves and also for this reason they were the spearhead of irredentism. From the biography of Carlo Michelstaedter, whose Jewish family came from Germany, this love shines through, which led him to clash with the family that would have made him study willingly at the University of Graz to go instead to the University of Florence. A cultural choice, given its origins, which still appears emblematic today, so much so as to annoy some fringes of the local pseudo-intellighentsia that in the slogan "Friulian, Slovenian, Austrian Gorizia" draw the smoky hopes of a return to an imaginary golden age, clearly divided between Habsburg aristocracy and good and tolerant people, ignoring the fundamental contribution of an enlightened bourgeoisie in which precisely the Jewish component was an integral part. This important contribution, already exalted by the Municipality of Gorizia with the realization of the small but precious "Jerusalem Museum on the Isonzo" in the Synagogue, has been further highlighted with two recent initiatives. The first one is the creation of the interesting website ( www.Michelstaedter.it) specially created by the Isonzo State Library, where you can find pictures and news about the life and work of one of the most interesting protagonists of the twentieth century Europe. A site that will certainly be very clicked, given the great fame that the disturbing and fascinating philosopher enjoys in the world. The other initiative is the creation of a guidebook - a cross-border itinerary by the Municipality of Gorizia - the Department of Culture, written by Antonella Gallarotti and presented a few days ago in the Bilblioteca , which links the most important places of the Jewish community in Gorizia, from the Synagogue and the Ghetto of Gorizia to the suggestive, romantic cemetery of Val Di Rose , in Slovenian territory.

Self-portrait of Giuseppe Tominz with his brother with Gorizia in the background (Provincial Museums of Gorizia)
Self-portrait of Giuseppe Tominz with his brother with Gorizia in the background (Provincial Museums of Gorizia)