Culiat Giordano (1920-1947)

09/03/2020

On the morning of July 29, 1947, news of a car accident that occurred during the night and its tragic consequences ran through the city: the president of the Italian Youth Association, Giordano Culiat, had died. Gorizia was then heading towards normality; the peace treaty had been signed by the Italian government on 10 February and a few days later, on 31 July, it would be ratified by parliament. They were all difficult stages, suffered, which, however, led to the conclusion of the long series of foreign occupations of the city and the desperate mobilization of the people of Gorizia to continue to belong to Italy. The AGI, which had played a decisive role in this sense, with a continuous commitment of its associates, was directed towards a social and cultural action that flanked the unchanged patriotic ideal. Of this activity - which in those postwar years was often not an alternative to public initiatives, but the only existing possibility - the flagship was the summer colony built in Paularo, where in 1946 three hundred children from Gorizia had stayed and in 1947 became one thousand two hundred. The managers of the AGI frequently went to check the good performance of the colony. It was precisely on the return from one of these inspections that the car on which Giordano Culiat was travelling crashed into a truck stopped with the lights off along the road, near Manzano. Blinded by the high beams of a car passing in the other direction, the driver could not see the obstacle. The vehicle's slow speed meant that the driver and one of the passengers were only slightly injured, but Giordano Culiat, seriously injured in the head, died shortly after his admission to hospital in Udine. He was twenty-seven years old. Giordano Culiat, who was born in 1920, had joined the AGI since the first assembly with which the association was formed; a member of the first board of directors, tireless activist and organizer, vice-president, he was elected president on August 25, 1946. He was a member of the "Emergency Committee" set up by the C.L.N. in September 1945 for the coordination of the defence activities of the Italian spirit of Gorizia. Journalist, he was correspondent from Gorizia for "La Voce libera", and as such he also fought his battle with the pen. "How many demonstrations did he dictate? How many nights did he spend in the printing house printing them clandestinely? How many times did he go out himself to put them up and throw them in the most dangerous areas? And at the demonstrations in March I saw him radiant with the infinite joy of having finally achieved the goal of having made all the people of Gorizia stand up in their own defense". So Carlo Pedroni recalled him in Cronaca di due anni. "Giordano Culiat will live in our memory with the splendor of his youth, until we tremble at the story of the facts that are the subject of this 'chronicle'." A few days after his death, the colony of Paularo was named after him. Later, in 1960, the town council deliberated the name of the village at the confluence of the streets Diaz, Cadorna, Oriani and Brass, where the Italian Youth Association had its headquarters. It was September 16, the anniversary of the second redemption of Gorizia, for which Giordano Culiat had worked and which he had not had the joy of seeing.