Favetti Carlo (1819- 1892)

02/03/2020

Poet and patriot, Carlo Favetti was born in Gorizia on 30th August 1819. After graduating in law in Vienna he entered the office of lawyer Rismondo. Participating in the national identity feelings of the people who crossed the empire in 1848, he soon became the symbol of Gorizia's irredentism. 

He was the founder and director, and main editor, of the "Giornale di Gorizia", whose motto was "Everyone has the right to express his opinion freely", published for thirteen months from 1850 to 1851 before being suppressed by the Austrian public prosecutor's office. In 1851 he took the office of municipal secretary of Gorizia, and in 1861 he was elected podest√†, a position that he could not hold because of the refusal of the sovereign sanction to the appointment for his irredentist opinions. In 1866 he was arrested, accused of high treason and sentenced to six years in hard prison, of which he served seven months in the penitentiary of Carlau near Graz. Having then heard of another imminent arrest, in 1868 he took refuge in Venice, consuming himself in nostalgia for his hometown until 1871 when an amnesty allowed him to return to Gorizia, where in 1877 he was re-elected municipal secretary. He wrote verses and prose in "Gorizia vernacular", being defined by his admirers as "a second Zorutti". Also his theatrical texts, always in Gorizia's Friulian dialect, of historical setting or training addressed to the people, were performed with great success. He collaborated with the newspapers "L'Isonzo" and "Il Corriere di Gorizia", publishing for some years the almanac "Lunari di Gurizza". He was the first president of the National League, founded in 1891. Active until the last one, in spite of his age (seventy-three years), on 30th November 1892 he remained until the evening at work in the Town Hall (he was taking care of a project of reorganization of the municipal offices) staying, as usual, beyond the working hours; he then attended a concert at the Society Theatre; during the night he was caught by heart paralysis and died before dawn. 

The "Corriere di Gorizia" of December 1st came out with the first page listed in mourning and entirely dedicated to the re-enactment of the great citizen. During his funeral the shops were all closed, and the lights along the route followed by the funeral procession were turned on and mourned.