Mušič Anton Zoran (1909-2005)


Painter and engraver, Mušič Anton Zoran belongs to the large Slovenian community of Gorizia. Between 1930 and 1935 he attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb. Also in 1935, after completing his studies, he stayed in Madrid and Toledo, and the following year he lived in Dalmatia. 

In 1942, together with Avgust Černigoj, he painted a large fresco in the parish church in Drežnica near Kobarid. He also painted the Stations of the Cross for the church of St. George of Gradno, a village in the Collio area (Goriska Brda). Towards the end of 1943 he bought a house in Venice and settled there. Suspected of subversive activities against the fascist regime and the German occupiers in 1944 he was arrested and immediately afterwards deported to Dachau by the SS. In June 1945 he was free, although he was very tried both physically and morally. He returned to Venice (after staying in Ljublijana and Gorizia), where he painted the first Cavallini, which immediately became the typical subject of his entire production in those years. In 1950 he won the painting prize at the Venice Biennale where he was again present at the 1956 and 1960 editions. Between 1953 and 1954 the painter also bought a house in Paris, alternating his life and work stays with Venice. He is recognized by French critics as a leading exponent of the new Paris School. 

The elegant and refined painting of Zoran Mušič has been honoured in numerous international exhibitions, and his works are still preserved in the most important museums in the world, mainly in Italy, Slovenia, France, Germany and the United States. France pays tribute to him at the Grand Palais in Paris. It is the largest and most comprehensive anthological exhibition of Mušič and is curated by Jean Clair, art critic and director of the Picasso Museum in Paris. From October 2003 to May 2004 the rooms of Palazzo Attems, seat of the Provincial Museums of Gorizia, hosted the most recent works, up to the last great drawings of the illustrious citizen executed in 2001. Anton Zoran Mušič, present at the inauguration, happy and moved to be back in his hometown, celebrated his 95th birthday during the exhibition. He was also an important graphic artist, so much so that his works have greatly contributed to the affirmation and qualification of that great chalcographic school that characterizes the history of art in almost all Slavic countries and in particular in Slovenia, now known throughout the world for the Ljublijana School. A wide selection of Mušič's graphic works is preserved in Medana Castle, a few kilometres from the centre of Cormons.