Pocarini Sofronio (1898-1934) 

16/03/2020

Sofronio Pocariniwas born in Fiumicello, where his family lived at that time, on February 5, 1898, but he moved to Gorizia as a child in 1900: he had therefore become Gorizia in all respects, as in the history of our city was and would have happened many times. Seventeen years old, he took openly irredentist positions, which led to a trial for high treason (he avoided the death sentence for his young age and the clemency of the judge) and internment in Mittergrabern; then, enlisted in the Austro-Hungarian army as "politically treacherous", he was a soldier in the health service during the First World War. On his return to Gorizia, Pocarini discovered the world of journalism, in which he immersed himself with the enthusiasm that characterized him. It was then that Pocarini changed his surname to Pocarini, as did his parents and his sister (not his brothers Ervino and Edoardo), in order to reaffirm the Italian spirit always expressed with feelings. In 1918 Pocarini began his collaboration with the newspaper "La Voce dell'Isonzo", of which he was soon editor-in-chief. In 1922 he founded and directed the satirical newspaper "El Réfolo gorizian"; in 1923 the magazine of the Giuliano Futurist Movement "L'Aurora". He was director of "La Voce di Gorizia", "Squille isontine", "La Vedetta dell'Isonzo"; in 1930 he founded "L'Eco dell'Isonzo", a three-weekly newspaper of which he was the director. He also founded the Pocarini Publishing House, thus further consolidating his role as a point of reference for the city's cultural world.

A Futurist in art, in poetry, in theatre (he directed the Compagnia del Teatro Semifuturista, whose performances in Gorizia were also attended by Marinetti), founder with Mirko Vucetich of the Giuliano Futurist Movement, Pocarini was not opposed to Fascism, but was, as a free and conscious intellectual, critical of the regime and some of its exponents in Gorizia. He fought against the suppression of the province of Gorizia, wanted to "Italianize" our lands by merging them with Friuli, and its reconstitution, even though it mutilated the mandates of Cervignano and Monfalcone, was also a victory for him. In his articles he always affirmed his independence and autonomy, taking sides "without looking in anyone's face" against all "groups and cliques contrary to Gorizia's interests". "In a world of not free, he was a free man" Biagio Marin wrote about him, recalling his figure.

On 4 August 1934 Sofronio Pocarini collaborated in the book exhibition and the writers' gathering that was to take place in Grado. He went into the water with some friends, even though the sea was rough, and he was taken ill. He drowned before he could be rescued. His newspaper, "L'Eco di Gorizia", survived him for only one issue, the one that reported the news of his death.