FRIULIAN HOMELAND DAY: TODAY

03/04/2020

Today the Friulians are celebrating a very important and heartfelt historical anniversary: the anniversary of the birth, on 3rd April 1077, of the Patria del Friuli, which brought Friuli itself together with other neighbouring territories into a single and real State, under the control of the Patriarch of Aquileia, until the 15th century. This state form had significant historical importance, anticipating from an "institutional" point of view the subsequent forms of self-government and autonomous civil organization.

The Patriarchs, all of German origins, came from Carinthia and Bavaria. One of them should be mentioned: Popone, who in 1031 had the basilica of Aquileia built at the centre of which he is buried. He laid the foundations, raising the fortunes of Friuli, for the subsequent constitution of the Homeland. He was the brother of the Count of Carinthia and came from Treffen, a small village near Villach (today Austria), overlooking the beautiful lake of the same name. The town is twinned with Capriva del Friuli and, let's say it en passant, the circumstance could be the subject of further developments in cultural as well as touristic terms.

In 1077 the Patriarch was Sigeardo, who was not only bishop but also count. With him, Friuli became an independent state able to equip itself even with its parliament, about twenty years before the English one. Concerning which he was inspired by principles of democracy and fairness that were different and, if you like, more advanced: while among other things the King of England commanded over parliament, the Patriarch while having a relevant role from the representative point of view, had to submit to the decisions of the parliament itself. The latter, in the Homeland of Friuli, was not only composed of the nobility but also of the representatives of the free communities (for example, those of Udine or Cividale were represented among others). The parliament itself also had the power to declare war or authorize the availability of an army. In essence, the Patriarchate was in many ways similar to the current forms of constitutional monarchy.

That of today is, unfortunately, a different recurrence of the Patria del Friuli from the usual one. In any case, hurray for Friuli, which has found a cultural sap in Gorizia that has ennobled its language.



Rossella Dosso - Gorizia3.0